VR Class Sr1

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VR class Sr1
VR Class Sr1 number 3043 at Kouvola station in 2011
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderNovocherkassk Electric Locomotive Plant, VR Hyvinkää Machine Workshops
Škoda Electric, Strömberg
Build date1971, 1973–1985, 1993, 1995
Total produced112
 • UICBo′Bo′
Gauge1,524 mm (5 ft)
Wheel diameter1,250 mm (49.21 in)
Length18.96 m (62 ft 2+12 in)
Loco weight84 tonnes (83 long tons; 93 short tons)
Electric system/s25 kV 50 Hz AC catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Performance figures
Maximum speed140 km/h (87 mph)
Power output3,100 kW (4,160 hp)
Tractive effort280 kN (62,900 lbf)
Number in class110 in use
First run1973–1996
DispositionStill in service, planned retirement from 2019

The Sr1 is a class of electric locomotives built for VR of Finland. These 25 kV locomotives were built in the Soviet Union at the Novocherkassk Electric Locomotive Factory between 1973 and 1985. Two additional locomotives of this class were built at the VR Hyvinkää Machine Workshop in 1993 and 1995, number 3111 from spare parts and number 3112 from the original prototype locomotive (number 3000) that was never used by the VR.[1] The official classification given by the manufacturer is VL70 or ES40.

The nicknames for these locomotives are "Siperian susi" (Wolf of Siberia; in Finnish slang "susi" can also mean a poorly manufactured object, compare English "dog" or "lemon"),[1] "Kaalihäkki" (Cabbage Cage)[1] and "Sähköryssä" (Electric Russkie).


In 1970, Valtionrautatiet ordered 27 electric locomotives from Energomachexport, which were delivered between September 1973 and the end of the year 1975.[2] 82 additional locomotives were ordered and delivered between 1973 and 1985.[2] The first prototype locomotive, number 3000, was bought from the constructor in 1994 by VR, which rebuilt it into number 3112.[2]

The trains have been used in passenger and cargo transport on Finland's electrified rail network.[3]

A list of overall locomotives made is shown below:

Year Number of
units delivered
1971 1 3000 Prototype locomotive. Kept by NEVZ up till the mid 1990s.
1973 4 3001–3004 First batch, introduced the same year.
1974 2 3005–3006 First batch.
1975 21 3007–3027 First batch.
1976 12 3028–3039
1977 12 3040–3051
1978 12 3052–3063
1979 12 3064–3075
1980 10 3076–3085
1981 7 3086–3092
1982 6 3093–3098
1983 6 3099–3104
1984 5 3105–3109
1985 1 3110
1993 1 3111 Built at Hyvinkää in Finland from spare parts.
1995 1 3112 Rebuilt at Hyvinkää in Finland from unit 3000.


The locomotives originally carried a dark red livery, with light yellow stripes around and below the cab windows. The stripes were later replaced with yellow warning panels (resembling stylised wings) below the cab windows. From the early 1990s onwards this livery was replaced by an off-white livery with red stripes. Nowadays the locomotives are refitted with a white-green livery to go with the current company colours.

Technical information[edit]

Electrical equipment for the locomotives was supplied by the Finnish company Oy Strömberg (later part of ABB).[2]

Locomotives number 3098–3110 were rebuilt with new bogies allowing a higher maximum speed (160 km/h)[4] in the 1990s (3111 and 3112 were originally built for this speed), but since 2003 they have been restored back to the original top speed due to the speed being raised at the expense of tractive effort (possibly the delivery of the faster Sr2 class also had an effect). The last Sr1 to be equipped with bogies allowing 160 km/h was number 3107.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

Collision of trains with Sr1 locomotives

Three Sr1 class locomotives have been damaged beyond repair and withdrawn from service: number 3048 in Jokela in 1996, number 3089 in Jyväskylä in 1998 and number 3101 in Siuro in 2011. Five other locomotives have also been involved in accidents, but have been rebuilt or repaired afterwards.[5]

Withdrawal and replacement[edit]

In December 2013 VR announced an order for 80 new electric locomotives to replace the Sr1 Class. The new locomotives, of the Siemens Vectron design, will be built in Germany by Siemens.[6] The new locomotives are scheduled to be delivered between 2017 and 2026, resulting in the withdrawal of the Sr1 class.[7]

See also[edit]

Sr1 locomotive hauling an Intercity train departs Joensuu railway station


  1. ^ a b c Hietaranta, Juhana; Laurila, Santeri. "Sr1" (in Finnish). Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d Eonsuu, Honkanen & Pölhö 1995, p. 88.
  3. ^ Eonsuu, Honkanen & Pölhö 1995, pp. 88–89.
  4. ^ Eonsuu, Honkanen & Pölhö 1995, p. 89.
  5. ^ "Sr1 kalustolista" (in Finnish). Sivuraide.net. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  6. ^ "VR orders Siemens Vectron locomotives".
  7. ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/traction-rolling-stock/single-view/view/broad-gauge-vectron-arrives-in-finland.html Railway Gazette International, retrieved on 29 January 2016


  • Eonsuu, Tapio; Honkanen, Pekka; Pölhö, Eljas (1995). Suomen veturit osa 2. Moottorikalusto. Elokuvan Maailma. pp. 88–90. ISBN 952-5060-02-0.

External links[edit]